How To Grow Roses From Seeds?

Rose bushes can be time-consuming to raise and care for, but it can be extremely rewarding to see those beautiful blooms in your garden after your hard work! 

Growing roses from seeds is easy, but it’s a long process. It takes time to collect the seeds, put them through the stratification process, and care for the seedlings until they’re ready to bloom. However, there are shortcuts you can take to cut down on time.

In this post, I will talk about your options for growing your own rose bushes so you can pick the option that works best for you.

No matter what you pick, you’ll end up with a garden of gorgeous roses!

Image / Unsplash

How Long Does it Take to Grow Roses from Seeds?

If you are starting from seed, it can take a few years until you have a blooming rose bush.

It takes time to germinate the seeds and get the sprouts ready for planting. Once your rose bush is planted, it will take at least two seasons before it starts blooming.

How to Grow Roses from Seeds?

You can start with store-bought rose seeds or collect your own from adult rose bushes.

This can be a good option if you have access to the variety that you want to plant in your garden. 

How to Get Rose Seeds from Flower?

Step 1 : Wait until early fall, when the blooms fall off the bush

Step 2 : Find the ripened rose hip – the bulge behind the flower.

Step 3 : Carefully pluck the rose hip from the plant and cut it open

Step 4 : Use the tip of a knife to get the seeds out

How to Prepare Rose Seeds for Planting?

Step1: After harvesting your seeds, clean them under running water

Step 2: Soak the seeds in a solution of hydrogen peroxide and water to stop fungus from killing the seeds during germination

Step 3 : Place the seeds on a damp paper towel with at least an inch between the seeds

Step 4 : Cover the seeds with another damp paper towel, and then put the whole thing in a plastic bag

Step 5: Keep the bag in the refrigerator for at least two months

Step 6 : Check on the seeds regularly, and add water when it feels dry.

How to Plant Roses from Seed?

Seeds to Sprouts

Whether you collect your own seeds from mature plants or use store-bought seeds, the process for planting and caring for your rose bush is the same.

Place your store-bought seeds on a damp paper towel, spaced at least an inch apart, and put another damp paper towel on top, or take your collected seeds out of the refrigerator and make sure the paper towels are still damp.

Keep your seeds in a warm place. It will take about a month for the seeds to start to sprout. 

How to Plant Rose Sprouts?

When the rose seeds have started sprouting, they are ready to be planted in soil. However, they should not be put into the ground yet. Start your sprouts in a seedling tray.

Fill the tray with damp garden soil and make a small hole for the seedling.

Carefully take the sprouts from the paper towels one at a time and place them in the tray. Avoid touching the roots, as they can be extremely fragile. Gently cover the seed with soil.

Put your rose sprouts in a warm, sunny spot and use a spray bottle on the mist setting to keep the dirt moist. 

How to Transplant Rose Seedlings?

Wait until after the last frost to move rose seedlings outside. Your sprouts will be ready when you can see rose leaves beginning to develop.

Rose plants do best if planted in pots or planters for a year or two before being planted in the ground with other plants.

Have your pots ready with soil. Gently uncover the seedling’s roots and pull the plant from the tray.

Then, set the seedling in the pot with the roots in the soil and cover the roots with dirt.

Water your rose seedlings regularly and give them fertilizer in the summer. When your roses are looking healthy and strong in a year or two, they will be ready to transfer into your garden!

How to Grow Roses from Cuttings?

Instead of growing your roses from seeds, you can also use cuttings. A cutting is a piece of a rose stem.

You can plant a rose cutting in a pot or directly into the ground. If you plant your cutting directly into your yard or garden, choose a spot with bright but indirect light.

The cutting should be planted around six inches deep in nutrient-rich soil. Water it thoroughly once it’s been planted.

Until your cutting takes root, keep it covered. You can do this with a glass jar or a clear plastic bottle.

It will take about two weeks for the cutting to take root. You can check if your cutting has rooted by gently pulling on it. If there is resistance, that means your cutting has begun growing roots.


Whether you choose to buy your rose seeds from the store, collect your own from adult rose bushes, or use a rose cutting, your rose plants are sure to be a great addition to your yard or garden if you follow this guide!

Nadine is a passionate gardening writer sharing practical tips, innovative ideas, and valuable insights on plant and soil care, In her spare time, she tries to convince her plants to grow by singing them catchy tunes.

Calculate the amount of soil you need for pots, raised beds or planter with the help of this easy to use Soil Calculator